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The Nature of Music:
Polar Soundscapes with Cheryl Leonard

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Item Type: Video Duration: 94 min
Event Type: Music Program Origin: Other Minds

The Nature of Music: Polar Soundscapes, featuring Cheryl E. Leonard with Phillip Greenlief. Wednesday, May 11, 2016 7:30pm. Goldman Theater, David Brower Center, Berkeley, CA . This is a 6 part program with 5 compositions by Leonard and a post-performance conversation led by Paul Dresher.

Presented by Other Minds and the David Brower Center as a closing event for the exhibit: Vanishing Ice: Alpine and Polar Landscapes in Art 1775-2012.

1. Meltwater, with Phillip Greenlief

2. Sila, with video by Genevieve Swifte

3. Fluxes, with video by Oona Stern

4. Ablation Zone, with video by Oona Stern

5. Glugge, with Phillip Greenlief, video by Oona Stern

6. Q & A with Cheryl Leonard and Paul Dresher

Meltwater (2013) for two performers on icicles, scientific glassware, penguin bones, and Antarctic rocks, with field recordings of the Marr Ice Piedmont on Anvers Island in Antarctica

In 2009 I spent a month at Palmer Research Station on Anvers Island off the Antarctic Peninsula. Palmer is built on a sliver of exposed rock at the edge of the Marr Ice Piedmont, a vast glacier that enshrouds the island. Like most glaciers along the Western Antarctic Peninsula, the Marr is shrinking, its surface increasingly fractured by exposed crevasses and its periphery collapsing into the sea. Behind the station the ice has retreated more than 1500 feet over the last 50 years.

Along the fringes of the Marr I recorded meltwater streams, towers of calving ice, and icicles inside crevasses. I also heard things that eluded my microphones: faint whispers and gurgles, lost languages of air and stone, songs blown away by the wind, gamelans cached in ice and water. This piece is a contemplation of Antarctica’s melting glaciers and a re-imagining of some of their transitory, fading voices.

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Ablation Zone (2014) for one player on penguin nesting stones and amplified Adélie penguin bones, with field recordings of the Marr Ice Piedmont on Anvers Island in Antarctica.

The “ablation zone” of a glacier is the area below a certain elevation where there is a net loss of ice mass due to melting, evaporation, sublimation, calving, wind scouring, and so forth. Within the Marr’s ablation zone I collected sounds from meltwater streams and crevasses teeming with icicles. In the ocean near the Marr’s terminal ice cliffs I recorded icebergs, brash ice and bergy bits that it had jettisoned.

The Marr produced a beguiling array of unique sounds. Each meltwater stream bubbled, gurgled, or sputtered it’s own rhythms and melodies, sometimes sounding like electronics or machinery. Icicles dripped the intricate layers of gamelan songs. Icebergs crackled and snapped like giant pop-rocks, or provided large cavities for waves to resonate within. To these field recordings, full of motion and energy, I added the subtle sound of polished penguin nesting stones rubbing together, and then otherworldly moans and howls produced by bowing Adélie penguin vertebrae.

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Glugge (2014) for one player on amplified sand, glass, kelp flutes, water, limpet shells, saw blades, and rocks from Trygghamna, Svalbard; together with field recordings of the barkentine Antigua sailing and motoring through the Arctic Ocean. Video footage shot on location in Forlundsundet, Raudfjorden, and Woodfjorden, Svalbard.

Glugge is a collaborative piece from composer Cheryl E. Leonard and visual artist Oona Stern. It is part of Adfreeze Project, a series of multidisciplinary artworks that grew out of their 2011 residency in Svalbard, a remote archipelago above the Arctic Circle.

“Glugge” is the Norwegian word for window or porthole. This piece is a response to the threat of increasing industrialization in the Arctic Ocean, and an elegy for the Arctic icecap and the ecosystem it supports. As sea ice in the region continues to shrink, shipping routes across the Arctic Ocean are becoming increasingly viable, and nations are eager to exploit newly accessible natural resources. These kinds of invasive human activities are likely to further disrupt the already struggling Arctic ecosystem. Glugge also references the history of European explorations of the Arctic and the many doomed quests to reach the North Pole or discover a Northwest Passage.

[Notes taken from printed program.]

About The Nature of Music:

From the music of Haydn, Dvorak and Messiaen, classical composers have long been using the sounds of the natural world as source material. With the advent of reel-to-reel tape recorders that inspired composers of the musique concrete movement, we could hear sounds slowed down or speeded up to bring new ears to common everyday sources. Along the way John Cage proposed in 1952, with 4'33”, a silent piece for piano, that a listener could create their own concert by simply listening to ambient sounds without altering them, recognizing that they too have form and content. With the advent of personal recording equipment like the cassette recorder, environmental sounds have been recorded, sampled and integrated into composed and improvised music. In 1970, Charles Amirkhanian and Richard Friedman launched the World Ear Project at KPFA in Berkeley. They invited people from around the world to record continuous sound for 15 minutes or longer without alteration. The result was a long-running program in which listeners driving over the Bay Bridge would be mystified by long segments of sounds of a street market in India or frogs and crickets at night in Cayucos, California. The David Brower Center and Other Minds will present complementary concerts for each visual art show in the Hazel Wolf Gallery.

Part 1 of 6:  
Musical Selections:  Meltwater (2013) (19:35) / Cheryl E. Leonard
Performers:  Cheryl Leonard and Phillip Greenlief: icicles, scientific glassware, penguin bones, and Antarctic rocks
Genres:  Unconventional Instruments; Soundscapes
Subject:  Nature sounds; Field recordings; Antarctica
People:  Leonard, Cheryl E.; Greenlief, Phillip
Recording Date:  5/11/2016
 
Part 2 of 6:  
Musical Selections:  Sila (2012) [video by Genevieve Swifte] (10:55) / Cheryl E. Leonard
Performers:  Cheryl Leonard, limpet shells, penguin bones, prepared viola
Genres:  Unconventional Instruments; Soundscapes
Subject:  Nature sounds; Field recordings; Mixed media (Music); Antarctica
People:  Leonard, Cheryl E.; Swifte, Genevieve
Recording Date:  5/11/2016
 
Part 3 of 6:  
Musical Selections:  Fluxes (2014) [video by Oona Stern] (06:08) / Cheryl E. Leonard
Performers:  Cheryl Leonard, limpet shells, penguin bones, prepared viola
Genres:  Unconventional Instruments; Soundscapes
Subject:  Nature sounds; Field recordings; Antarctica; Mixed media (Music)
People:  Leonard, Cheryl E.; Swifte, Genevieve
Recording Date:  5/11/2016
 
Part 4 of 6:  
Musical Selections:  Ablation Zone (2014) [video by Oona Stern] (05:24) / Cheryl E. Leonard
Performers:  Cheryl Leonard, amplified penguin bones, penguin nesting stones
Genres:  Unconventional Instruments; Soundscapes
Subject:  Nature sounds; Field recordings; Antarctica; Mixed media (Music)
People:  Leonard, Cheryl E.; Stern, Oona
Recording Date:  5/11/2016
 
Part 5 of 6:  
Musical Selections:  Glugge (2014) [video by Oona Stern] (08:30) / Cheryl E. Leonard
Performers:  Cheryl Leonard, amplified sand, glass, kelp flutes, water, limpet shells, saw blades, rocks
Phillip Greenlief, saw blades, rocks, kelp flutes
Genres:  Unconventional Instruments; Soundscapes
Subject:  Nature sounds; Field recordings; Antarctica; Mixed media (Music)
People:  Leonard, Cheryl E.; Stern, Oona; Greenlief, Phillip
Recording Date:  5/11/2016
 
Part 6 of 6:  
Performers:  Cheryl Leonard, interviewee
Paul Dresher, interviewer
Genres:  Unconventional Instruments; Current Events
Subject:  Interviews; Field recordings; Antarctica; Nature sounds
People:  Leonard, Cheryl E.; Dresher, Paul
Recording Date:  5/11/2016
 
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